Aradhyaya Jagannatha Ekshyaku Kula Daibatam, Aradhaniyo Manisham Debanam Basabai Sahah
The above verse is from Valmiki Ramayan, where before going to leave his body Shri Rama advice Vhibhisan and hanuman to go and worship Jagannatha, who is the deity (kul devata) of Sri Rama’s Ekshyaku clan, again the place where people and god stay together.
Rituals in Jagannath Temple related to Ram Navami
- Worship of Sun god on chaitra sukla sasthi
- Ashoka Ashtami and Jeuda Bhoga
- Ram Janma on Navami
- Yagya Rakhsha(Protection of Fire sacrifice)
- Sita Vivah
- Vanbash Kandarpa
- Damanaka(Dayana Chori)
- Dayana Lagi and Maya Mruga(Illusion Deer)
- Setu Bandhan
- Ravana Vadh(Killing of Demon Ravan)
- Rama Abhishek
Chaitra Sasthi Surya Puja
Ashoka Ashtami and Jeuda Bhoga
This festival is observed on Chaitra sukla Ashtami. After Sakala Dhupa, Bhandara Lokanatha is taken to Ishanesvara’s shrine, where He is given a special garland that was first offered to Ishanesvara. Then Lokanatha is then carried to the Jagannatha Vallabha Matha, where Bhoga vandapana and Ashoka Manohi (offering) take place before He returns to the temple. For the offering of Jeuda bhoga, after Sandhya Dhupa, Jeuda Bhoga is brought in and the Mudirasta does the Prasada Lagi. Then Bhoga Manohi(offering) is done with pancha upachara puja. Then the Panda, Pati mohapatra and Mudirasta does the vandapana at the three Badas. Vandapana is done for a longer period at Mahaprabhu Bada(of lord Jagannatha).
(Like this Vandapana is done and with some different rituals and aarti in it)
Note: Its a unique ritual in sri mandir where Lord Jagannatha gives birth to Sri Rama and on the day before the rama navami garbha udaka vandapana and jeuda bhoga is offered to reduce the labor pain that one got during the childbirth and as Lord here showing the humanly acts. so its a part of it.
collect six small Dayana plants and settle them near the temple of Jagannatha Vallabha Mahavira, inside the gardens.
Damanaka Lagi and Maya Mruga
This festival is observed on Chaitra sukla Chaturdasi. After Sakala Dhupa, Mahasnana and Chandana Lagi are performed. New clothes are used to dress the Sri Jius. Then the Panda, Pati and Mudirasta go the Bhoga Mandapa. Three Pushpalakas hold the three silver bowls containing the Dayana plants. Madana Mohana, Sridevi, and Bhudevi circumambulate the temple three times and they are carried to the Ratnasinghasana. The six Dayana plants are offered at the three Badas (two to each). Then Madhyana Dhoopa bhog is brought in, Prasada Lagi is done and then Madhyana Dhoopa is offered with sodasha upachara ritual. After this, vandapana is done and the Dayana plants are removed from the Sri Anga and sent to the Sri Nahara. After Sandhya Dhoopa, Rama Lakshman receives the aagyamala and are carried to the Jagannatha Vallabha gardens, where people from Kundehibenta Sahi enact the Maya Mriga Leela (the episode where the rakshasa Maricha takes the shape of a golden deer to distract Sri Rama so that Ravana could kidnap Sita more easily). Finally, the Deities return to the Sri Mandira.
On Chaitra Purnima, the devotees celebrate the enactment of this episode of Rama Leela, in which Hanuman raided Lanka and set fire to the city. After Sandhya Dhoopa, the Deities of Rama-Lakshmana receive the aagyamala and are carried in procession to the Jagannatha Vallabha gardens, where people from Dola Mandapa Sahi enact Lanka Podi (“burning of Lanka”); finally, the Deities return to the Sri Mandira.
Vaisakha krishna Pratipada celebrates the enactment of this episode of Rama-Leela, in which Sri Ramachandra and His army of Vanaras built the floating bridge to Lanka (Rama Setu). After Sandhya Dhoopa, Rama and Lakshmana receive the aagyamala and are carried in procession to the Jagannatha Vallabha garden, where people from Bali Sahi re-enact Setu Bandha Lila, after which the Deities return to the Sri Mandira.
The enactment of this episode of Rama-Lila, in which the demoniac king Ravana is defeated and killed, is celebrated on Vaisakha krishna Dwitiya. After Sandhya Dhoopa, one man from Bali Sahi is dressed as Ravana and stands near the Jagamohana Kotha. After receiving the aagyamala he visits various Sahis. After
Sandhya Dhoopa, Rama Lakshmana receive the aagyamala and are carried to the Jagannatha Vallabha garden, where people from Bali Sahi re-enact the killing of Ravana. Finally, the Deities return to the Sri Mandira.
The celebration of the coronation of Sri Rama as King of Ayodhya falls under the constellation of Pushya Nakshatra. This ceremony celebrates the episode in which Bharata and Satrughna, the two brothers of Sri Ramachandra who stayed back in Ayodhya to take care of the kingdom while Sri Rama traveled in exile, welcomed Sri Rama to his rightful place as the King of Ayodhya. During the entire period of Rama’s exile, Bharata and Satrughna had never claimed the throne for themselves, but had installed Sri Rama’s
shoes on the throne, and presented themselves merely as His servants and representatives. By presenting Sri Rama with his shoes, Bharata and Satrughna were re-uniting the symbol of kinship with the person of the King.
On this day, Lord Jagannatha celebrates his Tara Suddhi (purification or propitiation of the birth star). After Sandhya Arati and Dakshina Ghara Bhoga the Deities of Rama, Lakshmana, Sita, and Hanuman are carried to the Ratnasinghasana and after receiving the aagyamala They are quietly carried to the Jagannatha Vallabha gardens. Here, two men from Gaudabada Sahi dress as Bharata and Shatrughna and arrive after receiving the Paduka (Sri Rama’s shoes as a symbol of their service to Him) from the temple Bhandara.
Mahasnana is offered to Rama, Lakshmana, Sita and Hanuman.